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   Animal waste / ATHISA MEDIO AMBIENTE

Worthy of respect
Animal waste is not just another urban waste. The risk of infection from a animal cadaver is evident as the law warns. Most animals found dead have lived in poor conditions for their health, weakened by the lack of resources in the cities or run over on the roads where sadly they have been abandoned.
Our animal waste management is integral and ensures the best techniques in the event that euthanasia is necessary.

Material with risk of infection
The European Parliament and the Council in 2002 issued a Regulation which separated animal wastes in three categories:

1 Animals with transmissible spongiform encephalopathy.
 
  Animals from homes, zoos, circus, laboratories and wild animals.

2 Manure and contents of the digestive system, veterinary medicinal products,    animals or parts of animals infected by others.

3 Animals for human consumption but expired, skins, hooves, horns, feathers,    blood and row milk.... +info: European Parliament and Council Regulation PDF

The fate of these three categories is the same: cremation.
We shall describe this later because now we want to specify the groups of animals most usually dealt with in the management of animal waste :

Farm animals
The diseases that farm animals can develop have caused innumerable economic, political and social disasters. This was the case with bovine spongiform encephalopathy in 1994. United Kingdom: 4.000.000 sheep sacrificed 4.250.000 million euros.


Horses, poultry, pigs, sheep and cows come from the same environment, skin, hooves, feathers, bones, horns and of course the encephalus are parts of the body carefully treated to avoid the spreading of transmissible diseases to other animals and to men as required by European Law.

Pets

This is the largest group treated as animal waste. Every type of animal can undergo a surgical operation generating some type of animal waste or whose result is even death. We also taken into account the part of the animals whose have been submitted to chemical treatment in which case, special attention is paid.


Abandoned, lost or stray animals are all living in the same way. Animals in precarious, sad and mal nourished situations who are treated in our centers in the best conditions.

Conditioning and identification animal waste
Empleamos el mismo modelo de contenedor reutilizable que para los residuos sanitarios. Recordemos que se trataba de un contenedor muy resistente y que aisla totalmente el residuo que transporta. También utilizamos las bolsas especiales de residuos, con su cierre hermético y asepsia total. Todos los contenedores informan del tipo de residuo, la fecha de envasado y su peso total. Para cadáveres de gran tamaño empleamos un contenedor de 800 litros.

Reusable container >
Health care waste


Transport and storage

Our vehicles are authorised for the transport of dangerous goods by road. All have a physical separation between the chauffeur and the cargo to avoid any risk of zoonosis. Each one transports a maximum of 12 reusable containers. There are able to lift animal cadaver up to 1.000 kgs.

On arriving at the treatment factory, the load is weight on a scale. What can not be treated immediately is stored in a refrigerated chamber at -18ºC until there is sufficient volume of waste to cremate.


zoonosis in Plague control > Microorganisms

Treatment of animal waste

To treat this specific type of waste, the first thing is to load it onto an assembly belt or to put it into the upper part of the installation which crushes animal waste to facilitate cremation. After this, the waste remains in the incineration chamber where the resultant ashes are accumulated in a tank. Although the ashes are not contaminating and are unrecognizable, we remove them with the maximum care. Finally, we clean and disinfect immediately each of the reusable containers employed.

Lets see he parts of a crematorium for animal wastes now in use:




Sheep encephalus
1 Eyes
2 Cerebral Hemispheres
3 Longitudinal cerebral fissure
4 Cerebellum
5 Spinal cord

What is BSE and how is it contracted?
This is a disease caused by an infectious protein found in foods prepared made from meat and bone flour. It attacks the whole central nervous system (including the eyes) of cows, goats, sheep, pigs, cats and even rats.

At present, there is no type of treatment against this overwhelming animal disease. The parts of the animals at risks are: the cranium including the encephalus, the eyes, the tonsils, the spinal cord of cows, sheep and goats of more than 12 months of age and the intestine from the duodenum to the rectum of cows of any age.

What are the initials ...?
BSE
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

TEE Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy

SRM Specified Risk Material

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